Jargon buster

We are often guilty of using language that is hard to understand. To help everyone to join the debate, this jargon buster tries to explain what is behind certain words and abbreviations…

BME   An abbreviation for ‘Black and minority ethnic’. This includes British-born people (e.g. a British person with Black African Caribbean heritage) and White people with non-British heritage (e.g. White French). It also includes Travellers and Gypsies.

BSL/British Sign Language British Sign Language (BSL) is used by Deaf people –people with profound hearing loss.

Devon Town Profiles These provide a statistical overview,based on a series of facts and figures, of what life is like in each Devon town area. Each of the 29 profiles contains a baseline of information including population profiles. www.devon.gov.uk/devontownprofiles.

Disability A person who has, or has had, a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. (Physical covers Sensory impairments).

Early Help This refers both to help in the critical early years of a child’s life, and responding as soon as possible when difficulties emerge throughout a child or young person’s life. It takes into account populations most at risk or where there is known inequality. Early Help is a dynamic response to need with the intention of meeting and then reducing this need. The aim is to identify young people and families where a higher level of input is needed, sometimes over a longer period of time. It also aims to help people become less reliant on services over time.

Equality and Human Rights Commission An organisation with a statutory remit to promote and monitor human rights and to protect, enforce and promote equality across the nine protected characteristics. www.equalityhumanrights.com

Equality Measurement Framework A source of data for measuring equality which was used to inform the report How Fair is Britain. See Equality Measurement Framework.

Equality Reference Group The Equality Reference Group advises and supports Devon County Council’s work on equality and diversity, providing ideas and scrutiny. It symbolises the partnership between the County Council and the local community in its commitment to equality, and includes members from various local equalities organisations. Although acknowledged and supported by the Council, the Equality Reference Group is independent of the County Council.

GIRES The Gender Identity Research & Education Society

Hate Crime Hate crime is any offence committed against a person or property that is motivated by the offender’s hatred of people because of their association with one or more ofthe protected characteristics. For example, you can be avictim of hate crime because of your race, religion,disability, age, sexual orientation, gender or gender identity.

Homophobia Prejudice or hatred of people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual.

Joint Strategic Needs Assessment The Joint Strategic Needs Assessment is a process that identifies the current and future health and wellbeing needs of a local population, informing the priorities and targets and leading to agreed commissioning priorities that will improve outcomes and reduce health inequalities. The Joint Strategic Needs Assessment in Devon is becoming a shared online evidence base providing information and intelligence about the communities of Devon called Devon Health andWellbeing. The website contains details and papers forthe Devon Healthier and Stronger Communities Partnership, health and wellbeing strategies, Annual Public Health Reports, the Joint Strategic Needs Assessment and a library of strategies, plans, needs assessments and other reports.

LGB and LGBT LGB is a term used to describe three types of sexual orientation: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual. T stands for Trans which includes people with gender dysphoria and other aspects of gender identity (see also Transgender below). Gender identity is not the same as sexual orientation, although the expression of prejudice is often similar (hence why L, G, B and T are often used together) but very different things in themselves. Likewise, the experience of a gay man may be different to a lesbian woman, for example when accessing healthcare.

Localism The Localism Act intends to devolve more powers to councils and neighbourhoods and give local communities greater control over local decisions like housing and planning. (May 2011)

NHS National Health Service

ONS Office for National Statistics

Place Survey The Place Survey was used to collect information on 18 national indicators for local government, used to measure local government performance for 152 county councils, metropolitan district councils, London boroughsand unitary authorities.

Protected Characteristics There are nine characteristics that are protected from unlawful discrimination under the Equality Act. They used to be frequently referred to as ‘equality strands’.

Religion and Belief Religious and philosophical beliefs including lack of belief. Generally, a belief should affect your life choices or the way you live for it to be included in the definition.

Sexual orientation Attraction towards the same sex (lesbian or gay), the opposite sex (heterosexual or ‘straight’) or to both sexes(bisexual).

Targeted services These are services aimed at identifying and supporting vulnerable children and families with additional needs who would benefit from extra help in order to make the best of their life chances.

Transgender A general term used to describe a person who is proposing to undergo, is undergoing or has undergone gender reassignment (the process of changing physiological or other attributes of sex).

Vulnerable Children and Families We know that there are particularly vulnerable children, young people and families in Devon who are more likely to experience difficulties in their lives and may need support. This can be because of a number of factors including poverty, dependency on benefits and unemployment; mental health issues; homelessness; domestic violence and abuse; substance misuse; a history of crime and anti-social behaviour in the family; teenage pregnancy; special educational needs or disabilities; or where the ability to parent is limited.

Vulnerable young people are those who experience multiple support needs or are at risk in multiple ways. This often means young people who might not meet traditional thresholds for statutory or specialist services but who, without help, are at future risk of further problems, including low self-esteem; behavioural problems; exclusion from school; poor mental health; poor aspirations; and attitudes that condone risky behaviours.

Universal services These are services open to all.