Devon Strategic Assessment 2014-15 – Glossary and appendices

dsa-graphic

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Glossary

PhraseExplanation
Acquisitive crimeGroup of crime types including burglary, vehicle-related thefts, all other types of thefts and handling stolen goods.  Serious acquisitive crime refers only to dwelling burglary, robbery, thefts of and thefts from vehicles.
AddactionLeading UK charity rebuilding lives affected by drugs and alcohol -part of RISE in Devon.
ARIDAssault Related Injuries Database (in hospital emergency departments) – Exeter RDE, Torbay & North Devon in Barnstaple have provided data. Derriford in Plymouth may in the future. Smaller community hospitals in Devon are being added e.g. Newton Abbot.
ASBAnti-Social Behaviour
AURAutomatic Unconditional Release from prison – short term sentences normally.
BCS (CSEW)British Crime Survey – called the Crime Survey for England & Wales (CSEW) from April 2011
BMEBlack and minority ethnic (population) – sometimes referred to as BAME
ChannelThe process for dealing with Prevent radicalisation referrals.
CRCCommunity Rehabilitation Company – Probation section dealing with medium & low risk offenders – Dorset, Devon & Cornwall CRC is the local Company. See NPS
CSPCommunity Safety Partnerships. Statutory
DCLGDepartment of Communities & Local Government
DCPTDevon & Cornwall Probation Trust
Deprivation / deprived areasThe Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010 combines a number of indicators covering a range of economic, social and housing issues into a single score for each small area in England. This allows each small area to be ranked relatively to one another (between 1 and 32,482 where the rank of 1 is the most deprived). A ’deprived’ area is ranked in the most deprived 20% of areas nationally.
DDASDevon Domestic Abuse Service (previously Splitz)
DSVADomestic & Sexual Violence Abuse Alliance
EDEmergency department (previously known as Accident & Emergency).
EDPExeter Drug Project – combined with Addaction to provide RISE in Devon.
EHRCEquality & Human Rights Commission; the Report Hidden in Plain Sight contains their findings of their comprehensive inquiry into disability hate crime and local authority responses.
Hate crimeAny criminal offence committed against a person or property that is motivated by a hostility towards someone based on their disability, race, religion, gender identity or sexual orientation.
Have Your Say (HYS)Led by Local Police Teams a group of local councillors and members of the public identify and prioritise local crime based issues. Identified priorities can be tackled by police sometimes in collaboration with local councils.
IDVAIndependent Domestic Violence Advocate
IOMIntegrated Offender Management called Turnaround across the Peninsula. Multi-agency team to tackle those with the highest risk of reoffending.
IOMNational Trading Standard Board’s Intelligence Operating Model
ISVAIndependent Sexual Violence Advocate
iQuantaA restricted source of national crime data available at several geographies the smallest being Community Safety Partnership. iQuanta data can be used to compare local areas with similarly sized areas elsewhere in the country (see MSF).
KSIKilled or Serious Injured in relation to vehicle collisions.
LGBTLesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender
LSOALower Super Output Area – an area with approximately 1,500 people often used to produce the lowest geographical level of data. eg Unemployment, Benefits
MAPPAMulti Agency Public Protection Arrangements (Prevent)
MASHMulti Agency Safeguarding Hub
MARACMulti Agency Risk Assessment Conference
MSF Most Similar FamilyGroups of Community Safety Partnerships areas or police forces that are closest in terms of characteristics such as population structure. They are used to compare performance between similar areas using the iQuanta system.
NPSNational Probation Service – Probation section dealing with high risk offenders. See CRC
NPSNew Psychoactive Substances – sometimes call “Legal Highs”.
NeighbourhoodsA geographical area used by the police to represent locally recognised areas – there are 96 neighbourhoods in the Devon area.
NTE Night Time EconomyIn this assessment the Night Time Economy is defined as being from 9 p.m.  Friday evening until 6.00 a.m. Saturday morning and the same times for Saturday evening and Sunday morning.
OPCCOffice of the Police & Crime Commissioner
PACTPartners And Community Together since replaced by Have Your Say
PopulationUnless otherwise stated all rates per 1,000 population use PPSA data dated April 2013.
PorchProlific Offender Resettlement through Coordinated Housing – an Exeter based charity finding housing for released offenders.
PPSAPatient and Practitioner Services Agency population estimates provided by Public Health and based on Doctors’ records. Can be used to calculate small area populations.
PPOProlific & Priority Offender
PREVENTA group whose aim is tackle extremism in Devon
PSAPeninsula Strategic Assessment
Purple FlagA new accreditation scheme that recognises excellence in the management of town/city centres at night – aims to raise standards and improve quality.
RISERecovery & Integration Service to help rebuild lives affected by alcohol and drugs. Currently served in Devon by Addaction and EDP together.
RTA/RTCRoad Traffic Accident or Collision
SARCSexual Assault Referral Centre
SDVCSpecialist Domestic Violence Court
SEEDSSurvivors Empowering and Educating Domestic Abuse Services
STRAStrategic Threat and Risk Assessment Matrix – tool used to identify priorities
SPOCSingle Points of Contact for the Prevent group
Street PastorsChristian volunteers who look out for and help vulnerable on the streets at night, generally in night time economy areas.
TurnAroundReoffending strategy to tackle highest risk offenders (see IOM).
UDSmonthly crime data provided by Devon & Cornwall Police
Violent crimeGroup of crime types comprising violence against the person, sexual offences and robbery.
YOT/YOSYouth Offending Team/Service. Multi-agency team to tackle offending of offenders aged 10 to 17 years.

 

Further reading and contacts

For the local strategic assessments for the Peninsula partnerships, please follow the links below:

PeninsulaPeninsula Strategic Assessment 2013-14
PlymouthSafer Plymouth Partnership Plan 2014-17
CornwallSafer Cornwall Strategic Assessment 2013-14
TorbayTorbay Strategic Assessment 2013-14
DevonDevon Strategic Assessment 2013-14 Technical Report.

For more information or further details on the work of local Community Safety Partnerships please contact:

AreaWho to contactEmail address
Devon (Safer Devon)Nicola Channonnicola.channon@devon.gov.uk
ExeterSimon Lanesimon.lane@exeter.gov.uk
East DevonGerry Mooregmoore@eastdevon.gov.uk
South Devon and DartmoorRebecca Hewittrebecca.hewitt@teignbridge.gov.uk
Mid DevonJulia Rydercommunitysafety@middevon.gov.uk
North DevonTim Birtwhisletim.birtwhisle@northdevon.gov.uk

Acknowledgements

Devon Strategic Assessment published in September 2015 and prepared by:

Safer Devon Partnership

With support from partnership officers and teams

  • Nicola Channon, Devon County Council
  • Shaun Carter, Devon County Council
  • Caroline Rae, Devon County Council

Devon and Cornwall Police analysts

  • Clare Gollop, Devon and Cornwall Police
  • Debbie Unwin, Devon and Cornwall Police
  • Jenna Thomas, Devon and Cornwall Police
  • Peninsula Crimes Analysts Group

Artwork and layout developed from the original design by Torbay Council Design Team (tel: 01803 208832).

We would like to thank the following agencies, partnerships and organisations who have provided data, material and/or comment on this profile’s content and supported us in its production:

  • Devon and Cornwall Police, with particular thanks to Data Services
  • Devon and Cornwall Probation Trust
  • Safer Devon Partnership
  • Safer North Devon
  • South Devon and Dartmoor Community Safety Partnership
  • Exeter Community Safety Partnership
  • East and Mid Devon Community Safety Partnership
  • Drug and Alcohol Action Team (DAAT)
  • Devon Domestic & Sexual Violence Abuse Alliance (DVSA)
  • Youth Offending Teams and Services
  • Central and local TurnAround teams
  • Anti-Social Behaviour teams
  • Devon & Somerset Trading Standards Service
  • Devon & Somerset Fire & Rescue Service
  • Devon Public Health
  • Devon Sustainable and Safer Travel

Appendices

1Notes on the data
2Peninsula priority risks
3Anti-social behaviour escalation process
4“Family Group” of similar Community Safety Partnerships

1: Notes on the data

Interpretation of data

This report covers the 12 month period from 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2015. It builds on analysis undertaken in previous years and provides interpretation of patterns and trends both over the last 12 months and over the longer term. A minimum of five years’ data has been used to analyse long term trends in most cases.

Trend charts show the moving annual average which strips out seasonal differences and shows whether the underlying trend is one of improvement or deterioration.

Crime recording

The National Crime Recording Standard (NCRS) was adopted in England and Wales in April 2002 with the aim of promoting greater consistency in crime recording between police forces, to reflect a more victim-orientated approach and to improve the quality of statistics. The initial effect was to sharply increase the volume of recorded crimes. On the whole the impact of NCRS had settled by the end of 2003/04 although we continued to see some local fluctuations for another 12 months and for this reason analysis of long term trends does not extend further back than 2004/05.

During 2012 a number of changes were made as the police started to make organisational changes as a result of the financial constraints. Some of these changes were around existing processes, including direct criming of incidents and to ensure compliance with national standards around incident and crime conversion.  As these have been implemented and reviewed this may have had an effect on recorded levels of violence.

Seasonality

In this document references to the summer period mean the months of June, July and August when crime is usually at its peak, particularly in holiday towns such as Newquay, Torquay, Teignbridge and St Ives.

Some fluctuation in crime levels will occur even in non-seasonal areas but in others the change is substantial and predictable and resources can be positioned to manage the anticipated extra demand.

Comparing performance

To make a meaningful assessment of crime levels across the Peninsula, it is useful to have a comparative measure and for the purposes of this assessment we have made geographical (both local and national) comparisons and comparisons over time:

  • Current levels of crime compared with last year (2013/14) and over the longer term (three years of more).
  • Local comparisons of crime rate per 1000 population for community safety partnership / local authority areas and police-defined neighbourhood areas
  • National comparisons of crime rate per 1000 population / households using the Home Office ‘iQuanta’ family groupings, which enable us to put crime in Devon and Cornwall into a wider geographical context.

iQuanta is a web-based tool for policing performance information and analysis, developed by the Police Standards Unit and the Home Office. Forces provide data monthly. One of the key functions of iQuanta is that it allows Police forces and Community Safety Partnership areas to compare their crime performance with other areas with similar characteristics, by grouping them into ‘families’.

Consultation with communities

Information about residents’ concerns is drawn from responses to Have Your Say consultations. Have Your Say (previously known as Partners and Communities Together or PACT) gives residents an opportunity to tell local services what matters in their local area and to get involved in finding solutions to specific problems. Local Have Your Say teams include representation from a range of agencies, including the police, local Council staff, Fire and Rescue and residents’ associations.

  • Residents can register their views at public meetings, at neighbourhood “surgeries”, via the neighbourhood policing website and using postcards and post boxes placed in prominent locations, such as post offices or a village shop.
  • Responses are currently collated by police neighbourhood, of which there are 217 across the Peninsula, including a number of “virtual” neighbourhoods for LGBT, BME and Traveller communities.

Measuring trends in reoffending

Measures of adult and youth proven reoffending uses the offender address recorded on the Police National Computer. Where information is missing then the location of police processing is used. In 2005 addressing data was missing in 16.5% of cases. It is reported this has subsequently improved.

Offenders that may be from another area may be included in local data and in addition, children who are looked after and placed outside of their usual area of residence will be counted in the area where their placement is. These factors could mean that figures do not always accurately reflect the local picture, especially seaside resorts with significant transient populations or areas with a lot of care homes. More information about these figures can be found on the Ministry of Justice website – Proven Reoffending Quarterly Statistics.

Assessing threat and risk

As part of the development of statutory Community Safety Partnership Plans, Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs) are required to set their priorities based upon the findings from the evidence presented in their local Strategic Assessments.

Prioritisation involves understanding what poses the greatest threat or risk to the safety of the community. Some form of threat and risk assessment matrix approach is widely used by police forces and community safety partnerships across the UK. Locally, matrix-type approaches were already in use at Force level and in Cornwall and Torbay CSPs.

To support a more cohesive approach to understanding and addressing community safety issues across the Peninsula, the Peninsula Analysts’ Group developed a single Strategic Threat and Risk Assessment (STRA) matrix, to be used at both a local and Peninsula level to identify priorities.

The model includes extent, impact, trend, organisational harm, impact on vulnerable groups, financial impact and cost drivers, national / regional benchmarking and public concerns. Each element is given a score and the total score, which will fall between a minimum of 8 and a maximum of 46, determines the overall level of threat and risk (as shown in the table below).

appendix-01-risk

Note: some issues may always score as high threat due to the very high numbers of crimes and incidents recorded. In this event it may be appropriate to retain the risk.

Data issues and knowledge gaps

In order to prepare a joint Peninsula strategic assessment, analysts representing each of the CSPs and the police worked together to develop a common approach to identifying priorities and analysing patterns and trends. This process immediately highlighted significant differences in the both the type and content of data sets provided by police and partners to the CSPs, as well as a range of other data issues and knowledge gaps.

The analysts’ group will be working together to address and resolve these as far as possible over the next 12 months and to progress some areas of joint research.

Particular areas identified include:

  • A universal police data set has been agreed but there remain issues to resolve around the accuracy and completeness of geographical referencing, identifying common units of geography that can be overlaid with non-police data and determining common characteristics of place
  • Universal data sets from other partners
  • Further development of the Cost Driver model and methodology
  • Consistency of collecting, collating and sharing Have Your Say data

2: Peninsula Priority Risks

Driving delivery against priority risks

Community Safety Partnerships (SP)across the Peninsula have collectively agreed a delivery route that will enable progress to be made and measured against those key crime and disorder issues, alongside an analytical strategy to develop a clearer picture of evolving risk.

1Deliver progress against the two identified priorities through the formation of Peninsula Strategic Delivery Groups.CSP Chairs / Strategy Champions
2Develop Peninsula Delivery Plans to deliver the objectives within both of the two priority themes, reflecting these where appropriate in local partnership and agency delivery plans.CSP Chairs / Strategy Champions
3Tackle the underlying drivers that impact across the priority themes, ensuring effort is directed at young people, individuals and families with complex needs, problem drug and alcohol users, vulnerable victims and deprivation.CSP Chairs
4Develop processes that embed sharing of best practice between places experiencing similar issues across the Peninsula.CSP Chairs with support from Peninsula Analysts
5Measure, monitor, and improve performance against the Peninsula Delivery Plans through the use of effective measurements and targets.Strategic Delivery Groups
6Debrief the PSA process to date, identifying learning points for a) future joint analysis and b) commissioning of other joint products or activities across CSPs.Analysts, Line Managers, CSP Chairs
7Review the analytical capacity and capability across the Peninsula, in preparation for future demand for joint strategic analysis.CSP Chairs
8Synchronise Community Safety Partnership Strategic Assessments to ensure effective delivery of the Peninsula Strategic Assessment.CSP Chairs
9Carry out joint Peninsula-wide analysis to test specific  hypotheses, drawing on data, experience and resources from within police and CSPs.Peninsula Analysts to propose workplan to CSP Chairs

For 2014-15 the Peninsula Strategic Assessment is starting a new three year cycle with a new set of priorities/threats.

3: Anti Social Behaviour Escalation Process

Anti Social Behaviour ‘Escalation Process’ Explained

appendix-02-asb

 

Stage 1

 

First Warning Letter

 

This is a first warning letter and it means your behaviour has come to the attention of the Police and or another agency dealing with the case.

 

You should take this warning seriously as causing more anti-social behaviour will lead to further action being taken.

 

A copy of this warning letter will be sent to the Anti Social Behaviour Coordinator and it will be kept on file for future reference.

 

You should consider contacting the person who sent you the letter to discuss the situation further.

 

Stage 2

 

Second Warning Letter

 

This warning letter has been given to you because despite previous warnings your anti-social behaviour has continued and it needs to change.

 

The letter will generally be served on you in person rather than posted. You are strongly advised not to ignore this warning and to heed the advice to stop engaging in unacceptable and anti social behaviour.

 

Once again the Anti Social Coordinator will be notified and that person may well have served the second letter on you.

 

Should your unacceptable behaviour continue further action will be taken.

 

Stage 3

 

Anti Social Behaviour Case Meeting

 

At this stage a meeting is held between the Police, Anti Social Behaviour Co-ordinator and other agencies including the Youth Offending Team, Social Services, Education and social landlords.

 

Your continuing anti social behaviour is discussed and decisions are made about what course of action can be taken to stop you from causing such behaviour.

 

At this stage decisions are also made about what legal action could be taken against your parents or carers (if you are under 18yrs) because of your behaviour. This may include a Parenting Order or action against their tenancy.

 

Stage 3

continued

 

Acceptable Behaviour Contract (ABC)

 

An Acceptable Behaviour Contract (ABC) is a contract between you, the Police and possibly another agency such as your landlord or school. It contains certain conditions about your behaviour that you are expected to agree and keep to.

 

The ABC which lasts for 6 months can offer support to enable you to change your behaviour and will be reviewed monthly.

 

If you do NOT keep to the conditions of the ABC it can be used as evidence in any future court proceedings, including an application for an Anti-Social Behaviour Order (ASBO), in connection with an application to repossess your home if it is owned by a council or other social housing provider, or in connection with an application for a Premises Closure Order.

 

Stage 4

 

Anti Social Behaviour Order

(ASBO)

An Anti Social Behaviour Order or ASBO is a court order, made for a minimum of 2 years This can have a huge impact on your life in future years in terms of things such as finding a job or travelling abroad.

 

If you do not abide by the conditions of the ASBO you commit a criminal offence and will be arrested.

 

For those under 18 yrs, the court will also consider imposing a Parenting Order on your parents and this will require them to stick to certain conditions such as attending parenting classes.

For those under 18 yrs, the court will also consider imposing a Parenting Order on your parents and this will require them to stick to certain conditions such as attending parenting classes.

  • Sections 30-36 of the Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 (ASBA) gave police forces in England and Wales new powers to disperse groups of two or more people from areas where there is persistent anti-social behaviour.
  • Part 1A of the Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003 (the Act) sets out provisions relating to the issue of closure notices, and the making of closure orders in respect of premises that cause significant and persistent disorder, or persistent serious nuisance to a community.

ASBO/ CrASBO the latter is an ASBO which is linked to a criminal conviction.

(Originally produced by East Devon District)

4: “Family Group” of similar Community Safety Partnerships

Most similar family of community safety partnerships

The four community safety partnerships (CSP) in Devon are considered to be comparable to other CSPs in England & Wales. There are 15 CSPs in each “family” – Exeter has its own family but the other three CSPs have some different CSPs in their families.

 Community Safety Partnership (CSP) AreasPolice ForceDevon CSP(s)
South Devon & DartmoorDevon & CornwallEast & Mid Devon and Northern Devon
Northern DevonDevon & CornwallSouth Devon & Dartmoor
East & Mid DevonDevon & CornwallNorthern Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
BaberghSuffolkEast & Mid Devon, Northern Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
CornwallDevon & CornwallNorthern Devon
CravenNorth YorkshireNorthern Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
Derbyshire DalesDerbyshireEast & Mid Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
DorsetDorset CountyEast & Mid Devon  and South Devon & Dartmoor
East Riding & YorkshireHumbersideNorthern Devon
HambletonNorth YorkshireEast  & Mid Devon
HerefordshireWest MerciaEast & Mid Devon and Northern Devon
MonmouthshireGwentNorthern Devon
New ForestHampshireEast & Mid Devon
North WarwickshireWarwickshireNorthern Devon
PowysDyved PowysNorthern Devon
RichmondshireNorth YorkshireEast & Mid Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
SomersetAvon & SomersetNorthern Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
South KestevanLincolnshireNorthern Devon
StroudGloucestershireEast & Mid Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
Suffolk CoastalSuffolkEast & Mid Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
Test ValleyHampshireEast & Mid Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
TewkesburyGloucestershireEast & Mid Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
Western SuffolkSuffolkEast & Mid Devon, Northern Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
Wiltshire CountyWiltshireEast & Mid Devon, Northern Devon and South Devon & Dartmoor
 
Brighton & HoveSussexExeter
CardiffSouth WalesExeter
CheltenhamGloucestershireExeter
EastbourneSussexExeter
HillingdonMetropolitan PoliceExeter
LeedsWest YorkshireExeter
NorthamptonNorthamptonshireExeter
OxfordThames ValleyExeter
ReadingThames ValleyExeter
SouthamptonHampshireExeter
TraffordGreater ManchesterExeter
WatfordHertfordshireExeter
Welwyn & HatfieldHertfordshireExeter
WorthingSussexExeter

 

 

appendix-03-logo-south-devon-csp appendix-04-logo-exeter-csp appendix-07-logo-safer-devon
 appendix-05-logo-n-devon-csp appendix-06-logo-e-devon-csp