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- Executive Summary
- Cost of Crime
- Threat 1 – Domestic Abuse & Sexual Violence
- Threat 2 – Alcohol-related harm and health and well-being
- Emerging Trends
- Monitored Updates
- Monitored Themes
This Devon Strategic Assessment has been based on priorities identified by the Peninsula Crime Analysts Network (Devon, Cornwall, Plymouth, Torbay and the Police) using a risk assessment process. The two outstanding priorities Domestic Abuse and Alcohol-related Harm stood out and these will be concentrated on for the next three years of the Assessment process. Other sections explore other topics of interest to the Crime & Safety Partnerships in the County.
The Assessment is subdivided into seven modules:
- Introduction and Setting the Scene.
- Executive Summary (this module)
- Overall Crimes & Main Threats (Domestic Abuse & Alcohol-related Harm)
- Emerging Themes (Child Sex Exploitation, Modern Slavery, Cyber Crime, Fraud & Mental Health)
- Monitored Updates (Anti -Social Behaviour , Reoffending, Drugs and NPS, Hate Crime & Preventing Violent Extremism)
- Monitored Themes (Road Traffic Casualties, Arson, Rape, Rural Crime, Welfare Reform, Restorative Justice & Have Your Say)
- Glossary & Appendices
- Overall crime has reduced again – this year by 4% to just over 30,000 crimes.
- Devon’s crime rates are generally favourable when compared nationally.
- Violence against a Person and Sexual Offences have increased.
- Exeter (and to a lesser extent North Devon District) are above the Devon average crime rates.
It is estimated that crime in Devon cost £387m last year.
- Domestic abuse figures fell by 5% in last year.
- 33% of incidents attended by the police had children present.
- Third of incidents were from repeat victims.
- Crimes reported fell by 23 on previous year to 821.
- Exeter appears to have the highest rates.
- 493 victims were supported by SARC – 77% were 35 or under and 42% were 18 or under.
- 1,400 adults receiving alcohol treatment.
- 25% of them live with children.
- 23% suffer from mental health issues.
- 15% also in drug treatment
- North Devon & Torridge with highest rates of hospital admissions for alcohol related issues.
- Violent crime has seen an increase of 2% compared to 2013/14 (though the NTE equivalent has fallen by 2%)
- Violence with injury represents 48% of all violent crime and Violence without injury represents 51%.
- Violent crime peaks in the summer months and December and January.
- Violent crime steadily increases from 3.00 p.m. onwards reaching a peak after midnight.
- Although Devon has less that 3% of the population living in the top 20% most deprived areas, 15% of violent crimes occur in these areas.
- Higher rates of violent crime are seen in both Exeter & North Devon (Barnstaple) which would coincide with the higher density of pubs, clubs and busy nightlife.
- 77% of violence occurs outside the night time economy times (23% in NTE). 10% of the violence with injuries where alcohol involved appears in the non-NTE period and 9% in the NTE period. This suggests that violence in the NTE period is more likely to involve alcohol and injury. The Assault Related Injuries Database supports this data with similar percentages.
- The Assault Related Injuries Database (ARID) indicates 68% of assaults are alcohol related.
- ARID suggests that 47% of assaults are not reported to the police.
- Male victims aged 18-30 account for 38% of ARID patients.
- 84% of ARID patients were assaulted by body parts of the assailant(s).
- Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE) suggest that women in North Devon District suffer above average Mortality from Chronic Liver Disease.
- LAPE suggests that Exeter City is above average in: crime attributable to alcohol, alcohol related to violent crimes and alcohol related to sexual crimes.
Child Sexual Abuse/Exploitation (CSA/CSE)
- Child Sexual Abuse and Child Sexual Exploitation grouped together because of the similarities of the crime.
- 49% victims are females aged 16-17.
- 36% offenders are males aged 18-25.
- Offenders likely to be male, white, unemployed, students or retired.
- Suspected under reporting of boys for a variety of reasons.
- Young Lesbian Gay Bisexual or Transgender persons are likely to be vulnerable.
- Many possible locations where unsupervised young people congregate and could be targeted.
- Education and training of all staff likely to meet young people in those locations.
- Devon/rural issues – Lack of youth services/transport leads to ASB and then to NCP and/or drugs – then vulnerable. High number of Children in Care from outside Devon. Tourist destination.
- 88% Female victims.
- Offender likely to be a stranger.
- Speed of escalation surprisingly fast.
- “Sextortion” blackmail a new trend.
Peer to Peer abuse
- 87% female victims
- 85% male offenders
- Both under 18 but female likely to be slightly younger.
- Males influenced by online porn.
- 68% female victims (therefore highest % of boys).
- 93% male offenders
- Blood relatives mostly but also step parents and very close family friends.
- At home or on holiday.
- 11m tourists in SW each year – very hard to spot offences.
Child Sexual Exploitation
- Difficult area to understand.
- Drug supply and abuse a controlling factor.
- Good quality information and intelligence necessary.
Institutional Sexual Abuse
- Victims vulnerable to adult in a position of trust.
- Children in care particularly vulnerable
- 39% of Devon’s Children in Care are from outside Devon.
Other Types of Sexual Abuse
- Inappropriate Relationships – typically girls getting involved with a male aged 18-20
- Stranger Offensives – offence takes place with no grooming or exploitation.
- New Modern Slavery Act – all encompassing and stiffer penalties.
- 5 Areas – Sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, domestic servitude, organ harvesting and forced criminality.
- More women victims than men.
- Between ¼ to a 1/3 of victims children
- 2/5 sexual exploitation
- Not all foreign nationals – high numbers are from the UK.
- Most UK, Albanian and Nigerians are females being sexually exploited.
- Most Hungarian, Polish, Lithuanians and Latvians are males being labour exploited.
- Low-skilled manual, seasonal, casual work.
- Vulnerable people – out of work, homeless, mental health issues, alcohol and or drug dependency.
- Eastern Europe recruitment either via internet or by recruiters visiting villages.
- In Devon likely places of work include farms, food preparation, harbours, fishing boats, restaurants, takeaways and car washes.
- Likely to be put in caravans, sheds, flats, vans, basements etc – sub-standard, crowded and unsafe.
Vulnerable people – Travelling Community
- Victims and offenders
- If suspected they move on to another area.
- Victims likely to be in poorer quality caravans away from the main group.
- Victims given demeaning work usually performed by female travellers.
Vulnerable people – Street Homeless
- Exploiters are likely to look for where the homeless congregate.
- In Devon that could be charitable soup kitchens.
Vulnerable people – Missing Persons
- Only certain types of people get reported as missing.
- Those who go regularly missing have more chance of being exploited.
Vulnerable people- Asylum Seekers and Refugees
- Plymouth is a base though those seeking work may commute into Devon
- After a year waiting they are allowed to apply for work – food preparation is common.
- Maybe scared to report exploitation in case it affects their application.
- 86% female (78% adults)
- Nigerian and Filipino common nationalities
- Hard to spot – may not be allowed out the house.
- Difficult because a willing prostitute is not a criminal.
- Mostly women victims but not exclusively.
- Mainly male offenders but evidence that some women are promoted to “madams” and others recruit by providing drugs to prospective victims.
- More likely victim nationalities are: Asian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Czech, Eastern European, Polish, Romanian, Thai and British.
- More likely offender nationalities are: Albanian, Asian, British, Chinese, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Somalian and White European.
- Temporary “pop-up” brothels are typical – moving on before authorities catch on – in Devon this could be hotels, B&Bs, holiday lets and caravan sites.
- Back rooms of legitimate fronted shops are also possible – Restaurants, shops, massage parlours.
- 3 types of fraud for Trading Standards – doorstep crime, scams and food fraud.
- Online shopping and auctions and computer software service fraud are the top two issues for public in Devon.
- Doorstep crime – vulnerable people coerced into buying substandard and/or expensive services. 94 cases reported last year but under reporting expected by too embarrassed victims.
- Scams – mailshots and phone calls – investment scams and prize draw most common – 1,500 complaints and £900,000 lost.
- List of 3,000 suspected victims provided to Devon & Somerset – all have been written to and 70 high risk victims contacted.
- Food fraud – tackling unauthorised slaughter of livestock to prevent it joining the food chain. Meat may be poached or rustled.
- 250 complaints about free trial scams where victims give their bank details and find they are tied into monthly regular withdrawals.
- Online auctions e.g. cars being sold that don’t exist.
- Phishing e-mails – conning victims out of their bank details.
- Mental health problems cut across many types of crime as both victims and offenders.
- Cut-backs in mental health expenditure have put pressure on what facilities that are left.
- Homelessness audit 2011 revealed high numbers of mental health issues.
- People with mental issues are likely to have high dependencies on alcohol and drugs – this is likely to make them commit acquisitive crimes (or violent crimes) and make them vulnerable to exploiters for modern slavery.
- Many children and women escaping from domestic abuse and violence will have long-standing mental health issues.
Anti-social behaviour (ASB)
- Signs that ASB figures may be levelling out after a long period of decreasing.
- ASB peaks in July & August.
- 76% of ASB is rowdy/nuisance behaviour.
- Mainly occurs between 3 pm and 10pm.
- Youth reoffending reduced by about a fifth.
- New youth offenders have a higher percentage of complex issues.
- Adult reoffending still being reorganised and unable to provide data for this document.
Drug use and new psychoactive substances (NPS) and health and well-being
- Signs that drug use may be falling locally and nationally though nationally there has been a spike in fatalities the last two years.
- 1,400 adults in effective drug treatment – 400 of them live with children.
- 101 new NPS identified in Europe in 2014.
- Devon and Torbay putting high level strategy in place to tackle NPS.
Hate crime and hidden harm
- Crimes and incidents remain more or less stable – though under -reporting still an issue.
- Emphasis on improving reporting numbers.
- Victim care unit set up to support victims and link them to relevant 3rd sector organisations.
Preventing violent extremism
- 21 referrals this year – reduction of 24 (-53%) on previous year – 1 case was adopted by channel.
- Most referred for international terrorism (last year extreme right wing was largest group)
- Most under the aged of 20
- Most white British.
- Mostly male.
- About half referred by the Police.
- Big increase in numbers reported this year – up by a third.
Road traffic casualties
- Killed and seriously injured continue to gradually increase.
- Gradual increase in deliberate fires mainly through secondary fires (could be linked to decline in ASB).
- Low initial take up but expected to increase.
- Two types of thieves – opportunistic and organised.
- Farms becoming more security conscious.
- Not fully implemented and no trends identified.
Have your say
- Speeding traffic and ASB most important issues.
- Farm crime and marine crime new issues.
- Drug supply and use.