Youth rehabilitation order (YRO) requirements
The following requirements can be attached to a youth rehabilitation order (YRO). They provide a variety of options for punishment, protection of the public, reduction of reoffending, reparation and rehabilitation.
- Activity requirement
The young person is required to take part in a specific activity for up to a total of 90 days. This can include an activity which focuses on reparation and might include a face-to-face meeting with the person or persons affected by the offence.
- Attendance centre requirement
The young person is required to attend and take part in activities at an attendance centre for a specified number of hours.
- Curfew requirement
The young person is required to stay in a specified place between specified hours. The curfew period cannot be for less than two hours, or more than 12 hours, in any 24 hour period. The maximum duration is for six months, starting on the day that the order is made and the order can specify different periods of curfew on different days. The requirement is imposed in conjunction with a requirement for electronic monitoring unless there is a reason not to do this.
- Drug testing requirement
The young person must comply with drug testing to show whether they have used drugs or not. It can only be imposed when the court has also imposed a drug treatment requirement.
- Drug treatment requirement
The young person must agree to drug treatment for a period specified in the order. The aim of this is to reduce or eliminate the young person’s dependency on, or misuse of, drugs where this has been identified as a problem.
- Education requirement
When a young person of compulsory school age must comply with approved education arrangements.
- Electronic monitoring requirement
Requires the young person to comply with arrangements for the electronic monitoring of the curfew period set by the court.
- Exclusion requirement
Prohibits the young person from entering a place specified in the order for a specific period. This period must not be longer than three months.
- Intoxicating substance treatment requirement
The young person must agree to intoxicating substance treatment for the period specified in the order. The aim is to reduce or eliminate the young person’s dependency on, or misuse of, intoxicating substances where this has been identified as a problem. This requirement has a broader range of treatment options than the drug treatment requirement.
- Local authority residence requirement
Requires the young person to live in suitable accommodation provided by or on behalf of the local authority specified in the order. The requirement must not exceed six months or include any period once the young person has reached 18.
- Mental health treatment requirement
The young person must agree to treatment by an appropriate registered medical practitioner with a view to improving their mental condition, where a link between their mental health and offending has been identified.
- Programme requirement
The young person must engage in a set of activities (a programme) at a specified place on a specified number of days.
- Prohibited activity requirement
The young person must NOT participate in activities as specified in the order for a specified period of time.
- Residence requirement
The young person, who must be 16 or over at the time of conviction, is required to live with a specified person or at a specified place.
- Supervision requirement
The young person is required to meet with a responsible officer from the Youth Offending Service (YOS) or other people as nominated by the YOS. This requirement remains for the duration of the YRO.
- Unpaid work requirement
The young person is required to complete a specified number of hours of unpaid work – a minimum of 40 and maximum of 240. The young person must be aged 16 or 17 at the time of their conviction.
- YRO with intensive fostering
The young person must engage with intensive fostering as an alternative to a custodial sentence. It would be used where the young person would otherwise be given a custodial sentence and where their normal living arrangements are thought to contribute to their offending behaviour.
- YRO with intensive supervision and surveillance
The young person is required to engage with an intensive programme of supervision and activities intended to protect the public and reduce the risk of further offending.